According to Greek mythology, Hecate was a goddess primarily associated with magic and witchcraft. Her sphere of influence also included the moon, night, crossroads, ghosts, and necromancy . Although she was considered to be a powerful goddess, Hecate was not a major deity when compared, for instance, to the Twelve Olympians. Thus, there are not many myths that revolve around her. Nevertheless, Hecate plays an important role in the myth known as the ‘Abduction of Persephone’. It is also from this myth that the quintessential representation of Hecate, i.e. as a goddess holding a flaming torch in each hand, is derived
Hecate’s Powers It is generally believed that Hecate was the daughter of Perses and Asteria, both of whom were Titans of the second generation. Others, however, have claimed that she was the daughter of Zeus and either Hera or Pheraea. Yet others have stated that she was a daughter either of Leto or of Tartarus. In any case, Hecate is reckoned to have not originally been part of her Greek pantheon, and her cult is said to have originated in ancient Thrace, or perhaps in Caria, Anatolia. The original worshippers of Hecate believed that the goddess had power over heaven, earth, and the seas, thus making her an incredibly powerful goddess.
Hecate had the power not only to bestow upon those she favored wealth, good fortune, and wisdom, but also to withhold these gifts from those she perceived as unworthy. She was honored by all the gods, including Zeus. As she sided with the Olympians during the Titanomachy, she was the only member of the old regime who retained her powers following the defeat of the Titans. Hecate has three bodies that stand back-to-back, and it has been speculated that this was meant to allow the goddess to look in all three directions simultaneously. This concurs with her role as a deity in charge of crossroads. It is also due to this role that pillars called Hecataea were erected at crossroads. Such pillars stood also at doorways, and likely served an apotropaic function. In the works of the 4th century tragedians Sophocles and Euripides, for instance, Hecate was depicted as a goddess of witchcraft, whilst just a century earlier, she was depicted as a much more powerful and amplified goddess, as seen in the works of Aeschylus. Her role is further reinforced by the fact that she is the goddess who is mentioned most frequently in magical texts, for instance, the Greek Magical Papyri, as well as on curse tablet's